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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

One person possesses 7 asavas horses, another 9 hayas horses, and another 9 camels. Each gives two animals away, one to each of the others.
Given a right triangle where you know the length of the base and the sum of the perpendicular side and the hypotenuse.

There are two numbers whose sum equals the difference of their squares.
If 40 oranges are worth 60 apples, and 75 apples are worth 7 dozen peaches, and 100 peaches are worth 1 box of grapes and three boxes of grapes are worth 40 pounds of pecans, how many peaches can be bought for 100 oranges?
A four-sided town measures 1100 feet on one side and 1000 feet on the other side, on one edge 600 and the other edge 600.
One hundred men besieged in a castle, have sufficient food to allow each one bread to the weight of 14 lot a day for ten months.
A merchant bought 50,000 pounds of pepper in Portugal for 10,000 scudi and paid a tax of 500 scudi.
A merchant woman buys and sells apples and pears for Denaros. How much did she invest in apples; how much in pears?
Find a number having remainder 29 when divided by 30 and remainder 3 when divided by 4.
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.

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