There were two men, of whom the first had 3 small loaves of bread and the other, 2. They walked to a spring, where they sat and ate; and a soldier joined them and shared their meal, each of the three men eating the same amount; and when all the bread was eaten, the soldier departed, leaving 5 bezants to pay for his meal. The first man accepted 3 of these bezants, since he had three loaves; the other took the remaining 2 bezants for his two loaves. Was this division fair?

*Liber Abaci*, Leonardo of Pisa,1202

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The answer is: No. The man with more loaves should have received 4 of the bezants.