Mathematical Treasure: Robert Simson’s Sectionum Conicarum

Author(s): 
Cynthia J. Huffman (Pittsburg State University)

Title page of Simson's 1735 Conic Sections.

The image above is the title page of the 1735 first edition of Sectionum Conicarum by the Scottish mathematician Robert Simson (1687–1768). Images from an 1804 edition, which reprints an abbreviated English translation from the Latin, can also be found on Convergence.

From the beginning of his career, Simson’s mathematical interests focused on ancient Greek texts, especially in geometry, with the goal of perfecting the existing editions of works of ancient Greek geometers. This particular book complements Simson's restoration of Apollonius’ Conics, which was completed around the same time but not published until 1749. In both books, Simson used purely geometric methods and avoided using algebra.

Page 1 of Simson's 1735 conic sections.

Page 1 starts out with a section about the parabola.

In the next images, from pages 2 and 3, we see Proposition 2, which states that if a point is equidistant from the focus and directrix then it is on the parabola. The accompanying Figure 1 is from a fold-out page.

Page 2 from Simson's 1735 conic sections.Page 3 of Simson's conic sections.

Fold-out diagram from Simson's 1735 conic sections.

A complete digital scan of the first edition of Simson’s Sectionum Conicarum, call number QA485 .S5 1735, can be found in the Linda Hall Library Digital Collections. In addition, the library has a 1750 Latin 2nd edition (call number QA485 .S5 1750) and a 1792 English 2nd edition, Elements of the Conic Sections (call number QA485 .S51 1792).

Images in this article are courtesy of the Linda Hall Library of Science, Engineering & Technology and used with permission. The images may be downloaded and used for the purposes of research, teaching, and private study, provided the Linda Hall Library of Science, Engineering & Technology is credited as the source. For other uses, check out the LHL Image Rights and Reproductions policy.

Reference

Ackerberg-Hastings, Amy. "Mathematics is a Gentleman's Art: Analysis and Synthesis in American College Geometry Teaching, 1790–1840." PhD diss., Iowa State University, 2000. DOI:10.31274/rtd-180813-13933.

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