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Our reviewer finds this collection of translations of Babylonian mathematical tablets to be both fascinating and accessible.

The first arithmetic book published in England was a 1522 Latin text by Cuthbert Tunstall.

Leonard and Thomas Digges applied mathematics to the science of war, including, as illustrated here, for troop formation.

Images from <em>De revolutionibus,</em> the book of Nicolaus Copernicus in which he presented his heliocentric theory, arguing that the planets, including the Earth, rotated about the Sun

Collection (from 1614) of Roger Bacon's 13th century writings on applications of mathematics

A cylindrical tin tomato can is to be made which shall have a given capacity. Find what should be the ratio of the height to the radius of the base that the smallest possible amount of tin shall be required.
This is page 167 from the Exercitationes mathematicae (1657) of Frans van Schooten (1615-1660). This book contained a collection of mathematical construction problems, among much else. It was one of the books read by Isaac Newton while he was a student at Cambridge University and helped to introduce him to modern mathematics. On this page we see a construction enabling one to find the distance across a river.
Three men wish to buy a horse but none have a sufficient amount of money for the purchase; to do so they must borrow from each other. How much money does each man have and what is the price of the horse?

This is a collection of plates that Leonardo da Vinci created to illustrate De divina proportione of Luca Pacioli.

Divide 100 loaves of bread among 10 men including a boatman, a foreman, and a doorkeeper, who receives double portions. What is the share of each?

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