(Editors' note: This article was originally published in Convergence in March of 2007. We are pleased to "reprint" it in Loci: Convergence in 2012.)
Figure 1. Maya city of Labna from Catherwood’s Views of Ancient Monuments in Central America (1844)
For some time after, though, much about this lost civilization remained shrouded in mystery. A Spanish colonial Franciscan priest Fray Diego de Landa had come very close to annihilating the civilization in an effort to wipe out practices he viewed as relapses into paganism. He burned every Mayan book he could find. Only four of the written records of Maya heritage survived the flames of de Landa’s infamous 1562 auto da fe. To atone, de Landa published Relacion de las cosas de Yucatan in 1566, reconstructing as much as he could of the lost heritage. Ironically, that source, written in Spanish, was a key to deciphering Mayan glyphs in later years.
Figure 2. (Fray Diego) de Landa, Government Palace, Merida, Mexico