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Mathematical Treasures - Boethius's Arithmetic

Author(s): 
Frank J. Swetz and Victor J. Katz

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The Arithmetic of Boethius (480-524) dates from the early sixth century. This page is from a mansucript (Plimpton MS 165) that dates from approximately 1294, written on vellum. This page (f. 13) lists the powers of 2, 3, and 4 (at the bottom) and also has some other tables representing multiplication by some of these powers. Note that the forms of the figures are not always identical to the modern form.

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This manuscript page (f. 15) contains illustrations of square and pentagonal numbers.

Dummy View - NOT TO BE DELETED