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Index to Mathematical Treasures

Convergence's "Mathematical Treasures" are images of mathematical objects and of selected pages of mathematical manuscripts and texts from various libraries, museums, and private collections. Click on the name of the document or object to go to the image(s), where more information is provided. The images in this collection are intended for your use in the classroom; for all other purposes, please obtain permission from the library, museum, or holder of the item(s) photographed. Note that the index is alphabetical by surname or single name of the author, if known. Some of the oldest and most interesting documents and objects are those with "Anonymous" authors or creators. Four large collections have their own indices in addition to being included in the general index below:

Acknowledgements for all of the institutions and individuals who supplied images are provided at the bottom of this page. For an introduction to classroom use of images, see the article, "Pantas’ Cabinet of Mathematical Wonders: Images and the History of Mathematics," by Convergence co-founding editor and "chief treasure hunter," Frank J. Swetz. For additional suggestions on teaching mathematics with objects and images of objects, see "Online Museum Collections in the Mathematics Classroom," by Amy Ackerberg-Hastings and Amy Shell-Gellasch.

A  -  B  -  C  -  D  -  E  -  F-G-H  -  I-J-K  -   L  -  M-N  -  O-P-Q  -  R  -  S  -  T-U-V-W-X-Y-Z
Author Title Date
Abel, Niels Henrik Abhandlungen über der Algebraische Auflösung der Gleichungen (3 images) 1889 (originals 1824-1829)
Abel, Niels Henrik Complete Works (3 images) 1839
Academy of Sciences (France) Annual Report (5 images) 1693
Adrain, Robert Hutton's Course of Mathematics (3rd American ed., 8 images) 1818 (1st American edition 1812)
Agnesi, Maria Gaetana Instituzioni analitiche (8 images; see also these 7 images) 1748
Agnesi, Maria Gaetana Analytical Institutions, trans. John Colson (6 images; see also these 9 images) 1801
Airy, George Biddell On the Algebra and Numerical Theory of Errors of Observation (3 images) 1861
Al-‘Āmilī, Bahāʾ al-dīn Essentials of Arithmetic (5 images) ca 1600 original
Al-‘Āmilī, Bahāʾ al-dīn Quintessence of Calculation (4 images) ca 1600 original
Albert of Saxony Tractatus proportionum (2 images) 1477
Alberti, Giuseppe Instruzione per l'Ingenero 1774
Alberti, Leon Battista Methods for Measuring Heights (4 images) 15th century
Al-Bukhārī al-Kalabādhī, Shams al-dīn Maḥmūd ibn Abī Bakr Manual of Inheritance Law (3 images) 13th century
Alexander, Johann Synopsis algebraica 1693
Algarotti, Francesco Il newtonianismo per le dame (2 images) 1737
Al-Jazarī, Ramaḍān ibn Abī Hurayrah Explanation of the Abridgement on Calculus ca 1675
Al-Khwārizmī, Muḥammad Algebra (Original dates to ~825)
Al-Khwārizmī, Muḥammad Algebra (Latin, 2 images) 1456 (~825 original)
Al-Rasmuki, Ahmad ibn Sulayman Explanation of Arithmetic (3 images) early 17th century
Al-Ṭajibī (or al-Ṭujībī), Abū ʻUthmān Geometry treatise (4 images) 13th century
Al-Ṭūsī, Nasīr al-dīn Commentary on Euclid's Elements (13th century original)
Al-Ṭūsī, Nasīr al-dīn Al-Ṭūsī's Euclid's Elements (5 images) (13th century original)
Team working from Al-Zarqālī's data Alfonsine Tables (4 images) (13th century original)
Amsler, Jacob Polar planimeter 1880s
Andrés, Juan Spanish mercantile arithmetic (3 images) 1515
degli Angeli, Stephano Accessionis ad Stereometriam et Mecanicam (2 images) 1662
Anianus Computus cum commento (3 images) 1488 (13th century original)
Anonymous Antichissimo di algorismo (2 images) 14th century
Anonymous Arithmetica Pratica (in Italian, 3 images) 1575
Anonymous Arithmetica (2 images) 1577
Anonymous Ars numerandi (The Art of Numbering) (2 images) 1482
Anonymous Austrian measuring rod 1732
Anonymous Austrian weights 18th century
Anonymous Bakhshali Manuscript 2nd C. BCE - 10th C. CE
Anonymous Cambodian (Khmer) zero (3 images) 683 CE
Anonymous Cambridge Problems 1801-1820 (3 images) 1836
Anonymous Chinese abacus ca 1925
Anonymous Chinese Encyclopedia of Mathematics (4 images) 1882 (original 1723)
Anonymous Codex Mexicanus of the Maya 1814 (12th cent. original)
Anonymous Codex Vergara of the Aztec (3 images) 1539
Anonymous Counting board (2 images) 16th century
Anonymous Dresden Codex (2 images) early 13th century
Anonymous Division practice (2 images) 15th century
Anonymous Egyptian student's math tablet 5th or 6th centuries
Anonymous Egyptian Wooden Codex 6th or 7th centuries
Anonymous English university student notes (3 images) 17th century
Anonymous English gauger's scale 18th century
Anonymous English tally sticks (5 images) 1296
Anonymous Fiore de ragione (Flower of Reason, 5 images) ca 1538 - 1638
Anonymous Flemish commercial arithmetic (7 images) ca 1600
Anonymous French commercial arithmetic manuscript (25 images) 1778
Anonymous German arithmetic manuscript (5 images) ca 1600
Anonymous German Geometria (10 images) 18th century
Anonymous German protractor 1700
Anonymous God, the Supreme Geometer 13th century
Anonymous Gunther quadrant 17th century
Anonymous Inca quipus (4 images) ca 1400 - 1650
Anonymous Ishango Bone 20,000 - 25,000 years ago
Anonymous Islamic astronomical chart 15th century
Anonymous Italian armillary sphere 1550
Anonymous Italian arithmetic manuscript 1473
Anonymous Italian compass 15th century
Anonymous Japanese protractor 1876
Anonymous Jetons for counting board (3 images) ca 1490 - 1635
Anonymous Jinkō-ki (Large and Small Numbers, 3 images + 3 related images) 1715, 1818 (original 1627)
Anonymous Korean sangi rods (2 images) 19th century
Anonymous Manuscript for a Reckoning Master (7 images) early 18th century
Anonymous Mensuration Made Perfectly Easy (3 images) ca 1770s
Anonymous Mesopotamian accounting tokens
(6 images)
ca 4000 - 3100 BCE
Anonymous Mesopotamian mathematical tablets (2 images) ca 2700 - 1900 BCE
Anonymous Mesopotamian square root table ca 1999 - 1800 BCE
Anonymous Moffett Register for Recording Alcohol Sales 1877
Anonymous Set of Napier rods or bones 17th century
Anonymous Old Babylonian area calculation (3 images) ca 1800 - 1600 BCE
Anonymous Old Babylonian scribal exercises (4 images) ca 1800 - 1600 BCE
Anonymous Old Babylonian tablet (Plimpton 322) ca 1850 BCE
Anonymous Old Babylonian tablet (YBC 7289) ca 1800 - 1600 BCE
Anonymous Old Babylonian tablets (3 images) ca 1990 - 1700 BCE
Anonymous Of the Parabola (5 iamges) late 18th century
Anonymous Practica geometriae (3 images) 13th century
Anonymous Roman Empire road map (Peutinger map) 1265 (originals from 1st cent. BCE)
Anonymous Roman hand abacus 1st century
Anonymous Sangi rods and computing grid 17th - 19th century
Anonymous Sankei kyusho (3 images) 17th - 19th century
Anonymous Slide rule and gauging sticks (4 images) 18th century
Anonymous Tomb of Menna, Egypt 1420–1411 BCE
Anonymous Treviso Arithmetic 1478
Anonymous Venetian merchant's notebook (3 images) 15th or 16th cent.
Anonymous Zhoubi suanjing (2 images) 1603 (original from 100 BCE)
Anonymous Zibaldone da Canal (Canal's Notebook) 14th century
Apianus, Petrus
(Peter Apian)
Cosmographia (10 images) 1545 (1524 orginal)
Apianus, Petrus
(Peter Apian)
Quadrans Apiani astronomicus (3 images) 1532
Apianus, Petrus
(Peter Apian)
Folium populi: Instrumentum 1533
Apianus, Petrus
(Peter Apian)
Instrumentum primi mobilis 1534
Apianus, Petrus
(Peter Apian)
Introductio geographica 1534
Apianus, Petrus
(Peter Apian)
Ein newe und wolgegründte underweisung aller Kauffmans Rechnung (2 images) 1537 (original 1527)
Apollonius Conics (Halley's translation, 2 images) 1710
Appell, Paul and Édouard Goursat Théorie des fonctions algébriques et de leurs intégrales (4 images) 1895
Arbuthnot, John Essay on Usefulness of Mathematical Learning (3rd ed., 3 images) 1745 (original 1701)
Archimedes Archimedes Palimpsest (6 images) 10th century (3rd cent. BCE originals)
Archimedes On Curved Surfaces (3 images) ca. 1350-1372 (3rd cent. BCE original)
Archimedes Works of Archimedes, by Piero della Francesca (11 images) late 1450s
Archimedes Commandino's Archimedes 1558
Archimedes Archimedes in Greek and Latin (2 images) 1676
Arisawa Munesada Chusan shiki (2 images) 17th - 18th century
Arnauld, Antoine Nouveaux elemens de geometrie (4 images) 1667
Arnauld, Antoine and Pierre Nicole Logic, or the Art of Thinking (3 images) 1727 (original trans. 1717, original 1662)
Aurelio (or Aurel), Marco Libro primero de aritmética algebraica (2 images) 1552
Ayala, Manuel Elementos de matematicas (7 images) 1832
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Babbage, Charles Difference Engine (2 images) 1853
Babbage, Charles Table of Logarithms (4 images) 1872 (original 1827)
Bachet, Claude Mathematical Recreations (4 images) 1612
Bachet, Claude Arithmetic of Diophantus (in Latin, with conjectures of Fermat, 3 images; see also these 3 images) 1670 (original 1621)
Bachmann, Paul Die Elemente der Zahlentheorie (4 images) 1892
Bachmann, Paul Die analytische Zahlentheorie (7 images) 1894
Bachmann, Paul Die Arithmetik der quadratischen Formen 1925 (original 1898)
Bacon, Roger Specula mathematica (4 images) 1614 (13th cent. original)
Baker, Henry F. Abel’s Theorem and the Allied Theory (4 images) 1897
Baker, Henry F. Principles of Geometry (7 images) 1929/1933
Baker, Humfrey The Wellspring of Sciences (3 images) 1580 (original 1562)
Barlow, Peter, et al Encyclopedia of Pure Mathematics (5 images) 1847
Barozzi, Francesco Procli Diadochi (Proclus' Commentary on Euclid's Elements, 2 images) 1560 (5th cent. original)
Barrow, Isaac Geometrical Lectures 1735 edition
Barrow, Isaac Euclid's Elements (2 images) 1660
Barrow, Isaac Archimedes and Apollonius 1675
Barrow, Isaac Lecture on Archimedes (3 images) 1678
Barrow, Isaac Latin edition of Euclid's Elements (4 images) 1678 (original 1655)
Barrow, Isaac The Usefulness of Mathematics Learning (2 images) 1734 (original 1685)
Bartoli, Cosimo Opere Di Orontio Fineo 1670 (original 1587)
Bede De ratione temporum (2 images) c. 1180 (original 725)
Benedetto da Firenze (Benedict of Florence) Trattato d'arismetriche (3 images) ca 1460
Berkeley, George Arithmeticae 1707/1871
Berkeley, George Miscellanea Mathematica 1707/1871
Berkeley, George The Analyst (8 images) 1734
Berkeley, George The Analyst (7 images) 1734/1871
Berkeley, George A Defence of Free-Thinking in Mathematics 1735/1871
Berkeley, George A Defence of Free-Thinking (4 images) 1735
Berman, Michael Model of Elongated Pentagonal Pyramid mid-20th century
Bernays and Hilbert Mathematischen Wissenschaften (2 images) 1939
Bernoulli, Daniel Hydrodynamica (2 images) 1738
Bernoulli, Jakob Ars Conjectandi 1713
Bernoulli, Jakob Collected Works (3 images) 1744
Bernoulli, Johann Correspondence with Leibniz (7 images) 1694–1699 (published 1745)
Bernoulli, Johann Opera Omnia, Vol. I (1690-1713) (6 images) 1742
Betti, Enrico Opere Matematiche di Enrico Betti (2 images) 1903
Bettini, Mario Bettini's Mathematical Apiary (8 images) 1642
Bettini, Mario Aerarium philosophiae mathematicae (5 images) 1648
Bézout, Étienne First Principles of the Differential and Integral Calculus (English translation, 2 images) 1824 (original 1764-1767)
Bézout, Étienne Cours de mathématiques a l’usage du corps de l’artillerie (4 images) 1793 (original 1770-1782)
Bézout, Étienne Elementary Treatise on Plane and Spherical Trigonometry from Lacroix and Bèzout (2nd ed., 4 images; see also these 5 images, 1833) 1826 (original 1820)
Bhaskara Lilavati (2 images) 1650 copy of 12th cent. original
Bhaskara Lilavati (2 images) 18th cent. copy of 12th cent. original
Billingsley, Henry Euclid's Elements (3 images) 1570
Blagrave, John Mathematical Jewel 1585
Blondel, François Problems from Architecture (2 images) 1676
Blondel, François Cours de mathematique contenant divers traitez (3 images) 1683
Boeschenstein, Johann Ain neu geordnet Rechenbiechlin (3 images) 1514
Boethius The Arithmetic (2 images) ca 1000 CE (original ca 500)
Boethius The Arithmetic (6 images) 1294 manuscript
Boethius Liber circuli 1503
Boethius Boetii Arithmetica (2 images) 1521
du Bois-Reymond, Paul Théorie Générale Des Fonctions 1887 (original 1882)
du Bois-Reymond, Paul Abhandlung über die Darstellung der Funktionen durch trigonometrische Reihen 1912 (original 1876)
Bolyai, János Euclid's 5th postulate (7 images) 1896 (1st ed. 1891, original 1832)
Bolzano, Bernard Three Problems 1817
Bonnycastle, John Introduction to Algebra (4 images) 1811 (original 1782)
Bonnycastle, John The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic (3 images) 1815 (original 1780)
Bonvicino, Valeriano Mathematics for a Military Academy (5 images) 1665
Boole, George The Mathematical Analysis of Logic (4 images) 1847
Boole, George An Investigation of the Laws of Thought (3 images) 1854
Boole, George Calculus of Finite Differences (3rd ed., 2 images) 1880 (original 1859)
Boole, George Differential Equations (2 images) 1877 (original 1859)
Boole, Mary Everest The Mathematical Psychology of Gratry and Boole (9 images) 1897
Boole, Mary Everest Lectures on the Logic of Arithmetic (13 images) 1903
Boole, Mary Everest Philosophy and Fun of Algebra (6 images) 1909
Bordazar de Artazu, Antonio Spanish Commercial Arithmetic (8 images) 1736
Borel, Emile Elements of Set Theory (2 images) 1949
Borghi, Piero Qui comenza la nobel opera de arithmetic (9 images) 1484
Bossut, Charles Traite elementaire de geometrie (6 images) 1775
Bossut, Charles Cours de Mathématiques (8 images) 1800
Bossut, Charles General History of Mathematics (English translation by John Bonnycastle, 3 images) 1803
Bouquet, Claude and Charles Briot Leçons de Géometrie Analytic (6 images) 1875
Bouvet, J., and J.F. Gerbillon Ji he yuan ben (Elements of Geometry, 3 images) 1690s
Bowditch, Nathaniel Celestial Mechanics (5 images) 1818/1829
Bowditch, Nathaniel The New American Practical Navigator (9 images) 1802
Bradwardine, Thomas Preclarissimum mathematicarum opus (4 images) 1503
Bradwardine, Thomas Geometria speculativa (3 images) 1511
Bradwardine, Thomas Arithmethica (2 images) 1513
Brahe, Tycho Colored print of Island of Hven from Civitates orbis terrarum 1598
Brahe, Tycho Obituary of Tycho Brahe 1601
Brahe, Tycho Astronomiae instauratae mechanica (2 images; see also this 1 image) 1602
Brahe, Tycho Astronomiae instauratae progymnasmata (3 images; see also these 3 images) 1602
Brahe, Tycho

De mundi aetherei recentioribus phaenomenis (2 images)

Brahe, Tycho Copper print of Brahe's observatory, Uraniborg, by Joan Blaeu 1662
Brahe, Tycho Historia caelistis (2 images) 1666
Braikenridge, William Exercitatio geometrica (4 images) 1733
Bramer, Benjamin Trigonometria planorum mechanica (5 images) 1617
Bramer, Benjamin Etliche Geometrische Quaestiones (6 images) 1618
Bramer, Benjamin and Jost Bürgi Apollonius Cattus oder ... Geometriae (12 images) 1684 (original 1646-1647)
Briggs, Henry Arithmetica logarithmica (3 pages) 1624
Briot, Charles and Claude Bouquet Leçons de Géometrie Analytic (6 images) 1875
Brown, Hugh The True Principles of Gunnery 1777
Brugsch, Henrich Ancient Egyptian Numbers (2 images) 1849
Buot, Jacques Introduction aux Mathematiques (6 images) ca 1675
Burkhardt, Heinrich Einführung in die Theorie der analytischen Functionen einer complexen Veränderlichen (5 images) 1897
Butterfield, Michael Protractor, set square, and sector (2 images) ca 1750
Byerly, William Elwood Differential Calculus for Harvard Students (5 images) 1888
Byrne, Oliver Short Practical Treatise on Spherical Trigonometry (8 images) 1835
Byrne, Oliver Practical, Complete and Correct Gager 1840
Byrne, Oliver Elements of Euclid (3 images; see also these 5 images and these 4 images) 1847
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Cajori, Florian History of ... Limits and Fluxions (5 images) 1919
Camorano, Rodrigo Los seis libros primeros dela geometria de Euclides (2 images) 1576
Campanus, Johannes
(Campanus of Novara)
Euclid's Elements (3 images) c. 1300-1315 (13th cent. trans.)
Campanus, Johannes Euclid's Elements (Ratdolt ed. of Campanus translation, 10 images; see also these 4 images) 1482 (13th cent. trans.)
Campanus, Johannes Euclid's Elements (Luca Pacioli ed., 7 images; see also these 7 images) 1509 (13th cent. trans.)
Campanus, Johannes Euclidis Megarensis mathematici clarissimi elementorum geometricorum libri XV … (10 images) 1558 (from 3rd cent. original)
Canal Zibaldone da Canal (Canal's Notebook) 14th century
Cantor, Georg "Ueber trigonometrische Reihen" ("On trigonometric series", complete paper: 6 images) 1871
Cantor, Moritz Vorlesungen über Geschichte der Mathematik (Lectures on the History of Mathematics, 9 images) 1880-1908
Cardano, Gerolamo Ars Magna (1 image; see also these 4 images) 1545
Cardano, Gerolamo Acceptance of Ptolemy's Astrology 1554
Cardano, Gerolamo Practica Arithmetice (5 images) 1539
Carnot, Lazare Oeuvres Mathématiques du Citoyen Carnot (12 images) 1797
Carnot, Lazare Réflexions sur la métaphysique du calcul infinitésimal (2 images) 1797
Carnot, Lazare De la Corrélation des Figures de Géométrie (8 images) 1801
Carnot Lazare Géométrie de position (3 images) 1803
Carroll, Lewis Review of Formulae of Plane Trigonometry 1861
Carroll, Lewis Euclid and His Modern Rivals (2 images) 1879
Carroll, Lewis Euclid Books I, II (9 images) 1883 (original 1875)
Carroll, Lewis A Tangled Tale (5 images) 1885
Carroll, Lewis Symbolic Logic, Part I (7 images) 1896
Caswell, John A Brief (but full) Account of the Doctrine of Trigonometry, Both Plain and Spherical (2 images) 1685
Catena, Pietro Aristotelian Logic in Arithmetic (4 images) 1556
Cataneo, Pietro Practice of Two Primary Mathematics (4 images) 1559
Cauchy, Augustin-Louis Cours d'Analyse (3 images, see also these 2 images) 1821
Cauchy, Augustin-Louis Résumé des Leçons sur le Calcul Infinitesimal (5 images) 1823
Cauchy, Augustin-Louis Mémorie sur les Intégrales Définies (3 images) 1825
Cauchy, Augustin-Louis Leçons sur les applications du calcul infinitésimal a la géométrie (3 images) 1826
Cauchy, Augustin-Louis Exercices de Mathematiques (3 images) 1826
Cauchy, Augustin-Louis Leçons sur le Calcul Différentiel 1829
Cauchy, Augustin-Louis Mémoire sur la résolution des équations numériques et sur la théorie de l'élimination 1829
CauchyAugustin-Louis Manuscript of Cauchy on Solving Equations (4 images) 1831
Cauchy, Augustin-Louis Exercices d'Analyse et de Physique Mathématique, Vol. I (3 images) 1840
Cauchy, Augustin-Louis Complete Works of Augustin Cauchy, Vol. V 1885
Cavalieri, Bonaventura Geometria indivisibilibus (10 images) 1635
Cavalieri, Bonaventura Exercitationes geometricae sex (2 images) 1647
Cayley, Arthur Elliptic Functions (4 images) 1876
Chambers, Ephraim Cyclopaedia (English, 2nd ed., 5 images) 1738 (original 1728)
Chasles, Michel Géométrie Supérieure (Higher Geometry, 4 images) 1880 (original 1852)
du Châtelet, Émilie Institutions de Physique (10 images) 1741 (original 1740)
du Châtelet, Émilie Principes Mathématiques (5 images) 1759
Chebyshev, Pafnuty Lvovich Collected Works (8 images) 1899
Child Guidance Toys Add-A-Count Scale (for teaching arithmetic) 1950s
Church, Albert Elements of Descriptive Geometry (9 images) 1867 (original 1864)
Clairaut, Alexis Claude Élémens d’Algebre (2 images) 1760 (original 1749)
Clairaut, Alexis Claude Élémens de Géométrie (4 images) 1771 (original 1741)
Clavius, Christopher Opera mathematica (2 images) 1612
Clavius, Christopher Theodosii Tripolitae Sphaericorum Libri III 1586
Clavius, Christopher Gnomonices Libri Octo 1587
Clavius, Christopher Tractatus de Sphaera (by Johannes de Sacro Bosco) 1596
Clavius, Christopher Algebra (6 images) 1608
Clavius, Christopher Epitome arithmetica practica (2 images) 1584
Clavius, Christopher Euclidis elementorum (2 images) 1574
Clavius, Christopher Euclidis posteriores (2 images) 1654 (original 1607)
Clavius, Christopher Yuan rong jioa yi (Treatise on Geometry, 7 images) 1847 (original trans. 1614, orig. 1574)
Clebsch, Alfred Vorlesungen über geometrie (3 images) 1876
Clifford, William Mathematical Papers (5 images) 1882
Cocker, Edward Decimal Arithmetick 1685
Coets, Henrik Euclidis Elementorum (4 images) 1692 (original 1691)
Coets, Henrik Arithmetica Practica (6 images) 1698
Collins, John Letter on 'Defects in Algebra' (5 images) 1684
Commandino, Federico Commandino's Archimedes (6 images) 1558
Commandino, Federico Commandino's Archimedes (2 images) 1558
Commandino, Federico Euclidis elementorum 1572
Comte, Augustus Philosophy of Mathematics (6 images) 1855
de Condillac, Étienne Bonnot Language of Calculus (7 images) 1877 (1798 original)
Copernicus, Nicolaus De revolutionibus (9 images) 1566 (1543 original)
Cort, Cornelius Engravings of Arithmetica and Geometria (2 images 1565
Cortona, Giovanni Battista Libro de Abbaco (7 images) 1574
Coutereels, Jan Cyffer-Boek (11 images) 1690
Cowley, John Lodge An Illustration and Mensuration of Solid Geometry (7 images) 1787 (1758 original)
Cunn, Samuel Construction and Use of the Sector (2 images) 1729
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d'Alembert, Jean Le Rond, et al Encyclopédie Méthodique: Mathématiques (vol. 1 and Dictionnaire des Jeux Mathématiques) (4 images) 1784 and 1798
da Vinci, Leonardo Sketches for Luca Pacioli's De divina proportione (15 images) 1509
Dagomari, Paolo Trattato dell'abbaco (5 images) 1339
Daivajne, Gaṇeśa Grahalāghava circa 1520
Darboux, Gaston Theory of Surfaces 1887
Darboux, Gaston Systèmes Orthogonaux et les Coordonnées Curvilignes 1910 (1898 original)
Daries (or Darjes), Joachim Georg Ground of all Mathematics (4 images) 1757
Dasypodius, Conrad, and Christian Herlin Geometric Analysis of the First Six Books of Euclid 1566
Davies, Charles American Textbooks (8 images) 1826-1840
Davies, Charles Geometry and Trigonometry (5 images) 1848 (original 1834)
Davies, Charles Elements of Descriptive Geometry (4 images) 1839 (original 1826)
Davies, Charles Elements of the Differential and Integral Calculus (3 images) 1840 (original 1836)
Davies, Charles Elements of Algebra (1 image) 1840
Davies, Charles The Logic and Utility of Mathematics (6 images) 1869 (original 1850)
Davies, Charles and William Peck Mathematical Cyclopedia (2 images) 1872
Davis, Samuel Mensuration Made Perfectly Easy (3 images) ca 1770s
Davison, John New System of Arithmetic 1780
Day, Jeremiah Introduction to Algebra (2 images) 1834 (original 1814)
de Alcega, Juan Libro de geometria pratica y traça (2 images) 1589
de Condillac, Étienne Bonnot Language of Calculus (7 images) 1877 (1798 original)
De Lagny Arithmetic and Algebra (2 images) 1697
De Moivre, Abraham Annuities on Lives (3 images) 1752 (original 1725)
De Moivre, Abraham Doctrine of Chances (2 images) 1756 (original 1711)
De Morgan, Augustus Elements of Arithmetic (5th ed., 6 images) 1858 (original 1830)
De Morgan, Augustus On the Study and Difficulties of Mathematics (1 image; see also these 6 images from a 1914 reprint) 1831
De Morgan, Augustus Elementary Illustrations of the Differential and Integral Calculus (4 images) 1899 (original 1832)
De Morgan, Augustus Elements of Algebra (4 images) 1835
De Morgan, Augustus Elements of Trigonometry and Trigonometrical Analysis (6 images) 1837
De Morgan, Augustus An Essay on Probabilities (3 images) 1838
De Morgan, Augustus An Essay on Probabilities and their Application to Life Contingencies and Insurance Offices (6 images) 1838
De Morgan, Augustus "Induction (Mathematical)" (3 images) 1838
De Morgan, Augustus Differential and Integral Calculus (4 images) 1842
De Morgan, Augustus Letter to Indologist H. H. Wilson (4 images) 1843
De Morgan, Augustus Formal Logic (4 images) 1847
De Morgan, Augustus Trigonometry and Double Algebra (10 images) 1849
De Morgan, Augustus Syllabus of a Proposed System of Logic (3 images) 1860
De Morgan, Augustus Student's drawing of De Morgan 1865
De Morgan, Augustus Visiting card with photograph ca 1866
De Morgan, Augustus Budget of Paradoxes (2 images) 1872
de Ortega, Juan Arismetica y ... geometria (5 images) 1512/1552
de Roberval, Gilles Personne Divers Ouvrages (5 images) 1693
de Savonne, Pierre L'Arithmetique (3 images; see also these 8 images from a 1630 edition) 1571
de Ville Dei, Alexandre Carmen de Algorism (2 images) ca 1240
de Witt, Jan Elements of Curves (5 images) 1683
Dedekind, Richard Essays on the Theory of Numbers (2 images) 1909
della Francesca, Piero Works of Archimedes (11 images) late 1450s
Desargues, Girard Universal Way of Dyaling 1659
Descartes, René Discourse on Method 1637
Descartes, René Geometria (in Latin, 3 images) 1659
Descartes, René Principia philosophiae (2 images) 1644
Descartes, René Lettres 1663-1667
di Fagnano, Giulio Carlo Produzione Matematiche (3 images) 1750
Dickson, Leonard Eugene Algebraic Invariants (3 images) 1914
Dickson, Leonard Eugene History of the Theory of Numbers, Vol. I (10 images) 1919
Diez (Freyle), Juan Sumario Compendioso (in Spanish) 1556
Digges, Leonard and Thomas Stratioticos (6 images) 1579
Digges, Leonard Tectonicon  (4 images) 1556/1634
Digges, Thomas Pantometria (3 images) 1571
Dilworth, Thomas Schoolmaster's Assistant (1st American ed., 6 images) 1773
Diophantus Arithmetic (in Latin, with commentary by Bachet and conjectures of Fermat, 3 images; see also these 3 images) 1670 (original 3rd cent.)
Dirichlet, Lejeune Vorlesungen über Zahlentheorie (Lectures on Number Theory, 4 images) 1863
Dirichlet, Lejeune Collected Works (vol. II, 5 images) 1897
Dodgson, Charles Review of Formulae of Plane Trigonometry 1861
Dodgson, Charles Euclid and His Modern Rivals (2 images) 1879
Dodgson, Charles Euclid Books I, II (9 images) 1883 (original 1875)
Dodgson, Charles Lewis Carroll’s A Tangled Tale (5 images) 1885
Dodgson, Charles Symbolic Logic, Part I (7 images) 1896
Doppelmayr, Johann Gabriel History of Mathematics in Nuremberg (2 images) 1730
Duncan, Thomas Supplement to Playfair's Geometry and Wood's Algebra (2 images) 1824 (original 1822)
Duncan, William Elements of Logic (3 images) 1811 (original 1748)
Dürer, Albrecht Institutionum Geometricarum (7 images) 1535 and 1606
Dürer, Albrecht Treatise on Mensuration (4 images) 1538
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Eisenhart, Luther Treatise on the Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces (6 images) 1906
Emerson, William Doctrine of Fluxions (6 images) 1743/1768
Emerson, William Treatise of Algebra (5 images) 1764
Emerson, William Cyclomathesis (11 images) 1770
Erasmus Reinhold Ptolemaei mathematicae (Almagest in Greek/Latin, 3 images) 1549
van Etten, Henry (Hendrik) Mathematicall Recreations (3rd English ed., 2 images) 1674 (1st English ed. 1633, 1624 French original)
Euclid Euclid Prop. II.5 on papyrus (in Greek) 1st century CE (original ca 300 BCE)
Euclid Elements: Late 13th century manuscript (5 images) 1294
Euclid Elements: Nasīr al-dīn al-Ṭūsī commentary (13th century original)
Euclid Elements: Campanus commentary (3 images) c. 1300-1315 (13th cent. trans.)
Euclid Elements: 14th century manuscript (3 images) 1390
Euclid Elements: 14th century manuscript (4 images) c. 1385-1399
Euclid Elements: ibn Hunayn translation 1466 (9th cent. trans.)
Euclid Elements: Ratdolt edition of Campanus translation (10 images; see also these 4 images) 1482 (13th cent. trans.)
Euclid Elements of Euclid: Luca Pacioli (7 images; see also these 7 images) 1509
Euclid Elements: Italian edition (3 images) c. 1510
Euclid Euykleidou Stoicheiōn … (4 images) 1533
Euclid Euclidis Megarensis mathematici clarissimi elementorum geometricorum libri XV … (10 images) 1558
Euclid Elements: Henry Billingsley edition (2 images) 1570
Euclid Elements: Commandino edition 1572
Euclid Elements in Greek and Latin (3 images) 1573
Euclid Elements: Christopher Clavius edition (2 images) 1574
Euclid Elements in Arabic (4 images) 1594
Euclid Elements: Hero commentary (2 images) 16th century (original 1st century)
Euclid Elements: Ricci and Xu edition (7 images) 1847 (1614 original)
Euclid Data: Claude Hardy edition 1625
Euclid Elements: Isaac Barrow ediiton (2 images) 1660
Euclid Elements: Isaac Barrow in Latin (4 images) 1678 (original 1655)
Euclid Elements: Gerbillon & Bouvet ed. (3 images) 1690s
Euclid Elements: Henrik Coets edition (4 images) 1692 (original 1691)
Euclid Elements: Joseph Fenn edition (2 images) 1769
Euclid Elements: Oliver Byrne's edition (3 images) 1847
Euclid Elements: Robert Pott's edition (5 images) 1871 (original 1845)
Euclid Elements: Todhunter's edition (9 images) 1872 (original 1862)
Euclid Elements: Dodgson on Books I,II (9 images) 1883 (original 1875)
Euler, Leonhard Algebra (in French) 1795 (1770 original)
Euler, Leonhard Algebra (in English, 4 images) 1828 (1770 original)
Euler, Leonhard Mechanica (vol. I, 3 images) 1736
Euler, Leonhard Calculus of Variations 1744
Euler, Leonhard Methodus Inveniendi Lineas Curvas (5 images) 1744
Euler, Leonhard Theoria motuum planetarum et cometarum 1744
Euler, Leonhard Analysis of the Infinite (4 images) 1748
Euler, Leonhard Integral Calculus (3 images) 1768
Euler, Leonhard Letters to a German Princess (7 images) 1769-73
Euler, Leonhard The True Principles of Gunnery 1777 (original 1745)
Euler, Leonhard Commentationes Arithmeticae (3 images) 1849
Everard, Thomas Stereometry or the Art of Gauging (7th ed.) 1712 (1684 original)
Eyre, John The Exact Surveyor (2 images) 1654
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Faber, A. W. (later Faber-Castell) Simplex Mannheim slide rule 1900–1908
di Fagnano, Giulio Carlo Produzione Matematiche (3 images) 1750
Farrar, John Lacroix's Algebra (3 images) 1825
Farrar, John An Elementary Treatise on Plane and Spherical Trigonometry, and on the Application of Algebra to Geometry; from the Mathematics of Lacroix and Bézout (5 images; see also these 4 images) 1833 (original 1820)
Faulhaber, Johann Academia Algebrae (2 images) 1631
Feliciano, Francisco Libro di Arithmetica i Geometria (3 images) 1536
Felter, Stoddard A. Felter's First Lessons in Numbers (17 images) 1865
Fenn, Joseph New and Complete System of Algebra (2 images) 1767
Fenn, Joseph History of Mathematics for a School (2 images) 1768
Fenn, Joseph translation of Euclid's Elements (2 images) 1769
Fenn, Joseph The Complete Accountant (3 images) 1772
Fermat, Pierre de Oeuvres de Fermat, Vol. I (ed. Paul Tannery and Charles Henry, 3 images) 1891
Fernel, Jean De proportionibus (5 images) 1528
Fibonacci (Leonardo of Pisa) Liber abaci (3 images) 14th century (original 1202)
Fibonacci (Leonardo of Pisa) Liber abaci (ed. Baldassarre Boncompagni, 7 images) 1857 (original 1202)
Fibonacci (Leonardo of Pisa) Practica Geometriae (ed. Baldassarre Boncompagni, 3 images) 1857 (original 13th century)
Field, William Hinged parallel rule 1854/1923
Fine, Oronce Protomathesis (3 images) 1532
Fine, Oronce Geometry 1551
Fine, Oronce World Map 1534
Fine, Oronce Le sphere du monde manuscript (3 images) 1549
Fine, Oronce Le sphere du monde (3 images) 1551
Fine, Oronce De re et praxi geometrica (4 images) 1556
Fine, Oronce Opere Di Orontio Fineo 1670 (original 1587)
Fink, Karl Kurzer Abriss einer Geschichte der Elementar-Mathematik (5 images) 1890
Fisher, Sir Ronald Aylmer R. A. Fisher’s Statistics Books (6 images) 1938
Fludd, Robert History of the Macrocosm (3 images) 1618
Forsyth, Andrew Theory of Functions of a Complex Variable (6 images) 1893
Francesca, Piero della Works of Archimedes (11 images) late 1450s (originals 3rd cent. BCE)
Francesco Vecelli Problemi di geometria practica (7 images) 1767
Francoeur, Louis Complete Course in Pure Mathematics, trans. by Blakelock (7 images) 1829-1830 (original 1809)
Fraser, Alexander The Works of George Berkeley (The Analyst, 7 images) 1734/1871
Frisius, Gemma Arithmeticae methodus facilis (3 images) 1540
Frisius, Gemma Arithmeticae practicae (2 images) 1540/1567
Frisius, Gemma Cosmographia Petri Apiani (10 images) 1645 (1624 original)
Frobenius, Georg Clavis universi trigonometrica 1634
Fubini, Guido Lezioni di analisi matematica 1920 (original 1913)
Fujita Kagen Shinpeki sanpo (Sacred Mathematics, 1 image + 5 related images) 1789
Galileo Galilei Letter about Jupiter's moons 1609
Galileo Galilei Siderius nuncius (2 images) 1610
Galileo Galilei Siderius nuncias with author's signature 1610
Galileo Galilei De proportionum instrumento 1612
Galileo Galilei Two New Sciences (3 images; see also these 8 images) 1638
Galileo Galilei Geometrical Compass (2 images) 1640
Galileo Galilei Opere (Collected Works, 2 images) 1656
Galileo Galilei The Systeme of the World in Four Dialogues, trans. by Salusbury 1661
Galois, Évariste Abhandlungen über der Algebraische Auflösung der Gleichungen (3 images) 1889 (originals 1828-1832)
Galois, Évariste Oeuvres (2 images) 1897
Garfield, James A. Proof of the Pythagorean Theorem (8 images) 1876
Gerbert of Aurillac Isagoge Geometriae (5 images) 12th century (original c. 1000 CE)
Gerbillon, J.F., and J. Bouvet Ji he yuan ben (Elements of Geometry, 3 images) 1690s
Ghaligai, Francesco Practica d'Arithmetica (3 images) 1552
Gibbs, Josiah Willard Wilson's Vector Analysis (5 images) 1901
Gill, Charles Mathematical Miscellany (3 images) 1836
Giovanni Libro sopra aristmetricha (2 images) 1422
Giulio Carlo di Fagnano Produzione Matematiche (3 images) 1750
Goursat, Édouard and Paul Appell Théorie des fonctions algébriques et de leurs intégrales (4 images) 1895
Goursat, Édouard A Course in Mathematical Analysis, Vol. I (English trans. by Earle Hedrick, 4 images) 1904 (original 1902)
Green, George Mathematical Papers (2 images) 1871
Green, Joshua U.S. College Mathematics (copybooks, 6 images) 1782
Gregory, David Commentary on Euclid's Elements (2 images) 1703
Gregory, David A Treatise of Practical Geometry (4 images) 1745
Gregory, Olinthus Mathematics for Practical Men (6 images) 1836 (original 1825)
Grunow, William and Julius Grunow spherometer 1860s
Gunter, Edmund Description and Use of the Sector, Cross-staff and other Instruments (3 images) 1636 (original 1624)
Gutiérrez de Gualdi, Juan Arte breve ... de ... arithmetica 1564 (original 1539)
Guyot, [first name unknown] Nouvelles récréations physiques et mathématiques (5 images) 1786 (original 1769)
Hadamard, Jacques Leçons sur le calcul des variations (3 images) 1910
Halcken, Paul Deliciae Mathematicae (6 images) 1719
Halley, Edmund Conics of Apollonius (2 images) 1710
Halliwell, James Rara Mathematica (6 images) 1839
Hamilton, William Rowan Lectures on Quaternions (3 images) 1853
Hamilton, William Rowan Elements of Quaternions (3 images) 1866
Hankel, Hermann History of Mathematics 1874
Hardy, Claude Euclidis Data 1625
Hardy, G. H. Orders of Infinity (3 images) 1910
Hardy, G. H. A Course in Pure Mathematics (8 images) 1921 (original 1908)
Harkness, James and Frank Morley A Treatise on the Theory of Functions (11 images) 1893
Harriot, Thomas Artis analyticae praxis (2 images; see also these 6 images) 1631
Hatton, Edward Entire System of Arithmetic 1721
Hatton, Edward Mathematical Manual (6 images) 1728
Hawney, William Complete Measurer (14th Eng. ed., 3rd Am. ed., 6 images) 1775/1813
Heilbronner, Johann Christoph Heilbronner's History of Mathematics (2 images) 1742
Henrion, Denis (see also Hérigone, Pierre) Memoires Mathematiques Recueillis et Dressez 1613
Henrion, Denis (translator) Les Trois Livres des Elemens Spheriques de Theodose Tripolitain (4 images) 1615
Henrion, Denis Use of the Proportional Compass (2 images) 1631 (1st ed. 1618)
Henrion, Denis Collection, ... d'arithmetique, d'algebre (11 images) 1621
Henrion, Denis L'Usage du Mecometre 1630
Henry, Charles, and Paul Tannery Oeuvres de Fermat, Vol. I (3 images) 1891
Hérigone, Pierre (see also Henrion, Denis) Cursus mathematicus (3 images) 1644 (2nd ed.)
Herlin, Christian, and Conrad Dasypodius Geometric Analysis of the First Six Books of Euclid 1566
Hermite, Charles Cours d'Analyse (4 images) 1873
Hermite, Charles Sur quelques applications des fonctions elliptiques (2 images) 1885
Hermite, Charles Œuvres (vol. 1) 1905
Hero (or Heron) of Alexandria Commentary on Euclid's Elements (2 images) 16th century (original 1st century)
Heuraet, Hendrick van Rectification of Curves (3 images) 1659
Hevelius, Johannes Cometographia (2 images) 1668
Hevelius, Johannes Machina coelestis (2 images) 1673
Hewlett-Packard HP28S Handheld Electronic Calculator 1988
Hilbert, David Die Theorie der algebraischen Zahlkörper (4 images) 1897
Hilbert and Bernays Mathematischen Wissenschaften (2 images) 1939
Hill, Francis George Development of Arabic Numerals in Europe (3 images) 1915
Hill, John Arithmetick Both in the Theory and Practice (4 images) 1772 (11th ed.)
Hill, Thomas Key-driven adding machine (patent model) 1857
Hobson, Ernest Theory of Functions of a Real Variable (8 images) 1921 (original 1907)
Hodder, James Arithmetick 1719 (original 1661)
Hojiroya Shōeman Japanese temple sangaku 1854
Holyday, Barten Decimus Junius Juvenalis and Aulus Persius Flaccus (2 images) 1673
Honoratus Opus arithmetica (2 images) ca 1560
Hoppus, Edward Hoppus's Tables for Measuring 1837 (1736 original)
Hosaka Nobuyoshi Japanese temple sangaku 1800
Houghton Mifflin Company Number line ca 1972
Henry Hughes & Son Captain Field's Improved Hinged Parallel Rule 1923
Hulsius, Levinus Tractat der Mechanischen Instrumenten (3 images) 1603-1604
von Humboldt, Alexander Codex Mexicanus of the Maya 1814 (12th cent. original)
Hutchinson, John Irwin and Virgil Snyder Differential and Integral Calculus (7 images) 1902
Hutton, Charles Mathematical Tables (4th ed.) 1804
Hutton, Charles Tracts on (Applied) Mathematical Subjects (2 images) 1812
Hutton, Charles Philosophical and Mathematical Dictionary (7 images) 1815
Hutton, Charles Course of Mathematics (3rd American ed., 8 images) 1818 (1st Am. ed. 1812)
Huygens, Christiaan De circuli magnitude inventa 1654
Huygens, Christiaan Traite de la Lumiere (Treatise on Light, 3 images) 1690
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Iamblichus the Chaldaean Greek translation of the Introduction to Arithmetic of Nicomachus of Gerasa (4 images) 1668 Latin translation of 3rd century original 
Ibn al-Bannāʾ, Abū'l Abbās Ahmad Lifting of the Veil in the Operations of Calculation (Arabic) 18th cent. copy of ca 1500 commentary on ca 1300 original
Ibn al-Hāʼim, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad Kitāb al-nuzah (Book of Delights) (3 images) 1506-07 copy of ca 1400 original
Ibn Ayyub, Abu Abd al-Rahman Ya’qub Commentary on arithmetic (3 images) 1445 copy of 14th cent. original
Ibn Gāzī, Muhammad The Craving of the Calculators (Arabic) 18th cent. copy of ca 1500 commentary on ca 1300 original
Ibn Gāzī, Muhammad Desire of the Students for an Explanation of the Calculator’s Craving (Arabic) 18th cent. copy of ca 1500 commentary on ca 1300 original
Ibn Ḥunayn, Isḥāq Arabic translation of Euclid's Elements 1466 (original 9th century)
Iesaki Yoshiyuki Gomei sanpo (4 images) 1826
Isadore of Seville Etymologia (2 images) 1265
Jacob, Simon Rechenbuch (7 images) 1565/1599
Jacobi, Carl Opuscula mathematica (Vol. I, 5 images) 1846
Jamnitzer, Wenzel Perspectiva corporum regularium (Platonic solids, 11 images) 1568
Jefferson, Thomas Construction of Octagon 18th-19th centuries
Jess, Zachariah, et al American Tutor's Assistant (2nd ed., 3 images)

1794 (1st ed. 1791)

Jevons, William Stanley Pure Logic or the Logic of Quality Apart from Quantity (4 images) 1864
Jevons, William Stanley Logic piano (mechanical computer) 1869
Jones, John B. Cherokee-English Arithmetic (5 images) 1870
Jones,William Synopsis Palmariorum Matheseos (6 images) 1706
Johnson, Crockett Mathematical paintings 1965 and 1968
Jordan, Camille Treatise on Substitution and Algebraic Equations (5 images) 1870
Jordanus de Nemore Arithmetica (2 images) (13th century original)
Jordanus de Nemore De triangulis (3 images) 14th century or later (13th century original)
Jullien, A. Models for Descriptive Geometry (2 images) ca 1880
Kandlern, Johann Arithmetica (2 images) 1578
Karsten, W. J. G. Theoretical Mathematics (4 images) 1760
Kästner, Abraham Foundations of Mathematics (in German) 1764
Kaye, George R. Indian Mathematics (2 images) 1915
Keckermann, Bartholomäus Compendium of Mathematics (3 images) 1661 (original 1603)
Kegel, Johann Michael Neu-Vermehrte Arithmetica Vulgaris, et Practica Italica (2 images) 1696
Keill, John Elements of [Plane] and Spherical Trigonometry 1726 English translation of 1715 original in Latin
Keill, John Euclid's Elements and other works (12th ed.) 1782 (original 1723)
Kepler, Johann Mysterium cosmographicum (2 images) 1596
Kepler, Johann Astronomia nova (3 images) 1609
Kepler, Johann Strena seu de Nive Sexangular (3 images) 1611
Kepler, Johann Uralten messekunst Archimedes 1616
Kepler, Johann Epitome of Copernican Astronomy (2 images) 1619
Kepler, Johann Harmonices mundi (Harmony of the Worlds, 11 images) 1619
Kepler, Johann Chilias Logarithmoria 1624
Kepler, Johann Tychonis Brahie Dani Hyperaspistes (2 images) 1625
Kepler, Johann Rudolphine Tables (3 images; see also these 2 images) 1627
Kersey, John The Elements of ... Algebra (11 images) 1673
Khayyam, Omar Algebra (Original dates to ~1100)
Keuffel & Esser Trammel Ellipsograph ca 1930
Kidjel, Maurice Proportional dividers ca 1962
Klein, Felix Nicht-Euklidische Geometrie (Non-Euclidean Geometry, 3 images) 1892-1893
Klein, Felix Famous Problems of Elementary Geometry (2 images) 1897
Klein, Felix Mathematischen Wissenschaften (2 images) 1924
Köbel, Jacob Geometry (4 images) 1608
Köbel, Jacob Eyn new geordnet vysirbuch (7 images) 1515
Köbel, Jacob Book on the Astrolabe (Astrolabii declaratio) 1532
KöbelJacob Rechenbuch (6 images) 1537 (original 1514)
Kraus, Elias Pandectae & Digesta Arithmetices 1722
Krauwinckel, Hans Jetons for counting board (3 images) ca 1490 - 1635
Kronecker, Leopold Werke (vol. I, 5 images) 1895
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Lacroix, Sylvestre Textbooks of Sylvestre Lacroix (1795-1826) 1795-1826
Lacroix, Sylvestre Traité des Différences et des Séries (5 images) 1800
Lacroix, Sylvestre Traité Élémentaire de Trigonométrie rectiligne et Sphérique (2 images) 1803 (1st ed. 1798)
Lacroix, Sylvestre Traité élémentaire d'Arithmétique (9th ed., 2 images) 1810 (1st ed. 1797)
Lacroix, Sylvestre Élémens de Géométrie descriptive (3rd ed., 3 images) 1808 (1st ed. 1795)
Lacroix, Sylvestre Élémens d'Algèbre (9th ed., 2 images; see also these 5 images from the 1825 14th ed.) 1811 (1st ed. 1800)
Lacroix, Sylvestre Élémens de Géométrie (6th ed., 3 images) 1810 (1st ed. 1799)
Lacroix, Sylvestre Differential and Integral Calculus (1st English ed., 5 images) 1816 (1st French ed. 1802)
Lacroix, Sylvestre Calculus of Probability (2 images) 1816
Lacroix, Sylvestre Elementary Treatise on Plain and Spherical Trigonometry (2nd ed., 4 images; see also these 5 images) 1826 (1st ed. 1820)
Lacroix, Sylvestre Algebra (in English, 3 images) 1825
Lacroix, Sylvestre Essais sur l’enseignement en général: et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier (4th ed., 3 images; see also these 4 images from the 2nd ed. in 1816) 1838 (1st ed. 1805)
Lagrange, Louis Analytical Mechanics (2 images) 1788
Lagrange, Joseph-Louis Théorie des Fonctions Analytiques (3 images) 1813 (original 1797)
Lamb, Horace An Elementary Course of Infinitesimal Calculus (6 images) 1934 (original 1897)
Lambert, Johann Zusätze … Tabellen (Additions to Logarithmic and Trigonometric Tables) 1770
Lamy, Bernard Ouvrages de mathematique (6 images) 1734
Landen, John Residual Analysis (10 images) 1758
Langlois, Claude Set square ca 1750
Laplace, Pierre-Simon Celestial Mechanics (5 images) 1799/1818/1829
Laplace, Pierre-Simon École Polytechnique mathematics curriculum (3 images) 1812
Laplace, Pierre-Simon Celestial Mechanics (in English, 2 images) 1831
Laplace, Pierre-Simon Oeuvres complètes de Laplace, Vol. I (2 images) 1878
La Roche, Estienne de Larismetique (3 images) 1520
Lauremberg, Johannes Wilhelm Gromaticae Liber Tres (2 images) 1640
Lauremberg, Peter Institutiones Arithmeticae (3 images) 1698 (original 1621)
Lebesgue, Henri Leçons sur l'intégration 1904
LeDuke, John Arithmetical Questions (3 images) 1663
Legendre, Adrien-Marie Essai sur la Théorie des Nombres (4 images) 1808
Legendre, Adrien-Marie Exercises de Calcul Intégral, Vol. III (2 images) 1816
Le Gendre, François L'Arithmetique en sa Perfection (6 images) 1690 (original 1657)
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Dissertation de Arte Combinatoria (2 images) 1666
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Stepped Reckoner 1671
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Letter to Christiaan Huygens (2 images) 1674 (published 1859)
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz's Papers on Calculus 1684-1693
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Nova methodus pro maximis et minimis ... (differential calculus, complete text, 10 images) 1684
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm De geometria recondite et analysi indivisibilium atque infinitorum ... (integral calculus, complete text, 11 images) 1686
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Supplementum geometrie dimensore ... (Fundamental Theorem, complete text, 10 images) 1693
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Correspondence with Johannes Bernoulli (7 images) 1694–1699 (published 1745)
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Explanation of Binary Numbers (6 images) 1703
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Opera Omnia (6 images) 1768
Leonardo of Pisa (see Fibonacci)    
Leonardo da Vinci Sketches for Luca Pacioli's De divina proportione (15 images) 1509
Leslie, John Elements of Geometry and Plane Trigonometry (13 images) 1817 (original 1809)
Leupold, Jacob Theatrum arithmetico-geometricum (9 images) 1774 (original 1727)
Leurechon (or Leurochon), Jean

Leurechon's Mathematicall Recreations (1st English ed., 3 images)

1633 (1st French ed. 1624, 1st English ed. 1633)
Leurechon (or Leurochon), Jean

Mathematicall Recreations (3rd English ed., 2 images)

1674 (1st French ed. 1624, 1st English ed. 1633)
Leybourn, William The Compleat Surveyor 1653
Leybourn, William Cursus Mathematicus (3 images) 1690
Leybourn, William Description and Use of ... Gunter's Quadrant 1731
Leybourn, Thomas Mathematical Questions Proposed in the Ladies’ Diary (8 images) 1817
l'Hospital, Guillaume Francois de Analyse des Infiniment Petits (5 images; see also these 14 images) 1696
l'Hospital, Guillaume Francois de Traité Analytique des Sections Coniques (7 images) 1776
L'Huilier, Simon Exposition élémentaire des principes des calculs supérieurs (4 images) 1786
L'Huilier, Simon Élemens raisonnés d’algèbre (5 images) 1804
L'Huilier, Simon Élémens d’analyse géométrique et d’analyse algébrique (4 images) 1809
Li Shanlan and Alexander Wylie A New Mathematics Curriculum for China (10 images) 1853/1859
Li Shanlan and Alexander Wylie Euclid's Elements for China (3 images) 1865
Li Shanlan Collected Mathematical Works (4 images) 1867
Lie, Marius Sophus, et al First Scandinavian Mathematics Journal (4 images) 1876
Lie, Marius Sophus Gesammelte Abhandlungen, Vol. I (3 images) 1934
Lindemann, Ferdinand Clebsch's Vorlesungen über geometrie (3 images) 1876
Liouville, Joseph Journal de Mathématiques Pures et Appliquées (6 images) 1876/1922
Liu Hui Jiuzhang suanshu (Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art) 1603 (original from ca 250 CE)
Liu Hui Sankei kyusho (Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, 3 images) 17th - 19th century
Lobachevski, Nikolai Geometric Researches on the Theory of Parallels (3 images) 1914 (1891 trans. from 1840 German)
Loomis, Elias Elements of Analytical Geometry and Differential and Integral Calculus (4 images) 1858 (original 1835)
Lowthorp, John The Philosophical Transactions and Collections, to the Year 1700 (4 images) 1731 (original 1655-1700)
Lucas, Edouard Theory of Numbers (6 images) 1891
Luders, Theodoric Traicté Mathematique (3 images) 1680
Ludlam, William Rudiments of Mathematics (5 images) 1809 (original 1785)
Louys, Sebastianus David Gheometria oft de konste van Landt te meten 1681
Lydal, Thomas Vulgar and Decimal Arithmetic 1710
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Mach, Ernst Space and Geometry (2 images) 1906
Maclaurin, Colin Treatise of Fluxions (4 images) 1742
Maclaurin, Colin Treatise on Fluxions (2nd ed., 8 images) 1801 (original 1742)
Magnitsky, Leonty Arithmetika (Russian) (3 images) 1703
Malcolm, Alexander New Treatise of Arithmetick and Book-keeping (3 images) 1718
Malcolm, Alexander New System of Arithmetick (3 images) 1730
Malconet, Jacob Selbst-Lehrende Geometrie (5 images) 1700
Mandey, Venterus Synopsis Mathematica Universalis 1729 (original 1702)
Marchesi, Giovanni Demenico Handbook of Commercial Arithmetic (10 images) 1578
Mascheroni, Lorenzo La Geometria del Compasso (3 images) 1797
Maseres, Francis Doctrine of Permutations and Combinations (3 images; see also these 3 images) 1795
Matsunaga Yoshisuke Shoho kongen (5 images) 17th -19th century
Mauromatti, Teodoro Fortification and Artillery on Corfu (4 images) 1749
Mayer, Tobias Mathematischer Atlas (4 images) 1745
McMillan, Loraine Number line by 1972
Medler, Nicolaus Rudimenta arithmeticae 1550 (original 1543)
Mercator, Nicolaus Logarithmotechnia (3 images) 1668
Metius, Adrian (Adriaan Adriaanszoon) Arithmetica et Geometriae (3 images) 1626
Michael of Rhodes Journal or Book (5 images) 1434
Milne, William J. First Lessons in Arithmetic (4 images) 1878
Minkowski, Hermann Geometrie der Zahlen (6 images) 1910
Minkowski, Hermann Collected Papers (in German, 7 images) 1911
Mobius, August Ferdinand Calculus of Centers of Gravity 1827
Monge, Gaspard Application de l’Analyse a la Géométrie (2 images) 1809 (original 1807)
MontuclaJean-Étienne Histoire des Mathématiques  (2 images) 1799-1802
Montucla, Jean-Étienne Histoire des Recherches sur la Quadratur du Cercle (3 images) 1831 (original 1754)
Moore, Jonas Arithmetick in Four Books (5 images) 1650/1688
Moore, Jonas New Systeme of Mathematicks (5 images) 1681
Morland, Samuel The Description and Use of Two Arithmetick Instruments (11 images) 1673
Morley, Frank and James Harkness A Treatise on the Theory of Functions (11 images) 1893
Moxon, Joseph Mathematical Dictionary, or Mathematicks Made Easy (2 images) 1679
Müller, John Elements of Mathematics (4 images) 1765 (original 1748)
Müller, Johannes (Regiomontanus) Epitome of Ptolemy's Almagest (4 images; see also these 5 images) 1496
Müller, Johannes (Regiomontanus) On Triangles (2 images) 1533
Müller, Johann(es) (Regiomontanus) In Ptolemaei magnam compositionem (Ptolemy’s Almagest, 6 images) 1550
Murai Chuzen

Sanpo dojimon (Questions Children Ask About Mathematics, 7 images)

Muscarello, Pietro Paolo Algorismus (12 images) c. 1478
Mydorge, Claude Recreational Mathematics 1639
Napier, John Mirifici logarithmorum (3 images) 1614
Napier, John Rabdologiae (6 images) 1617
Napier, John Set of Napier rods or bones 17th century
National Cash Register Company Class 3000 Bookkeeping Machine 1938
Neudörffer, Johann Rechenbüchlein (3 images) c. 1530
Newcomb, Simon American Journal of Mathematics (6 images) 1878
Newton, Isaac Analysis per quantitatum series, fluxiones ac differentias (4 images) 1711
Newton, Isaac Collected Works (5 images) 1779
Newton, Isaac Method of Fluxions (5 images) 1736
Newton, Isaac La Methode des Fluxions ... owned by De Morgan 1740
Newton, Isaac The System of the World (3 images) 1740 (original 1728)
Newton, Isaac Principia Mathematica (3 images; see also these 3 images and these 6 images) 1714 (original 1687)
Newton, Isaac Universal Arithmetick (4 images) 1769 (original Latin 1720)
Newton, Isaac Principia Mathematica (English translation by Andrew Motte, 12 images; see also these 3 images) 1846 (original 1729)
Newton, Isaac Principes Mathématiques (French translation by Émilie du Châtelet, 5 images) 1759 (original 1687)
Nicollet, Joseph Nicolas Traité elémentaire [et] synthétique des sections coniques (student notes) (4 images) 1809
Nicomachus of Gerasa Introduction to Pythagorean Arithmetic (Greek, 6 images) 14th cent. copy (2nd cent. original)
Nicomachus of Gerasa Introduction to Arithmetic (4 images) 1668 Latin trans. of 3rd cent. Greek trans. of 2nd cent. original
Nigroni, Giovanna Battista Manuscript on Area and Volume (7 images) 1675
Nilakantha Somayaji Tantrasangraha 1501
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Ochoa de Samaniego, Francisco Arismetica guarisma 1644
Ockerlund, Nels Combination ruler, protractor, and calculating device 1870
Omerique, Antonio Hugo Analysis geometrica (4 images) 1698
Osborne, Thomas Treatise on Arithmetic (11 images) 1602
Oughtred, William Clavis mathematicae (The Key to Mathematics) (5 images) 1631
Oughtred, William The Circles of Proportion (trans. by William Forster) 1632
Oughtred, William To the English gentrie 1633
Oughtred, William Clavis mathematicae (3 images) 1667 (original 1631)
Oughtred, William Euclidis declaratio (Euclid Clarified, 2 images) 1662
Oughtred, William The Key to the Mathematicks (English translation of Clavis mathematicae, 11 images) 1647
Oughtred, William The Key to the Mathematicks (section on notation, 5 images) 1647
Ozanam, Jacques La géométrie pratique (2 images) 1684
Ozanam, Jacques Cours de mathematique (6 images of French original and 6 images of English translation) 1693 (1712 translation)
Ozanam, Jacques Récréations mathématiques et physiques (3 images) 1698 (1694 original)
Pacioli, Luca Summa de arithmetica, geometria, ... (5 images; see also these 5 images and these 3 images) 1494
Pacioli, Luca De divina proportione (Da Vinci's illustrations of Platonic solids, 15 images; see also these 2 images and these 3 images and these 3 images) 1509
Pacioli, Luca Elements of Euclid (7 images; see also these 7 images) 1509
Panchaud, Benjamin Mathematical Lessons or Interviews (2 images) 1743
Pardie, Ignace Gaston Elements de geometrie (in Chinese, 3 images) 1690s (original 1671)
Pascal, Blaise Pascal's Calculator, or Pascaline 1645
Pascal, Blaise Oeuvres de Pascal, Vol. I (2 images) 1779
Paul, Jeremiah, et al American Tutor's Assistant (2nd ed., 3 images) 1794 (1st ed. 1791)
Pavlovich, Khristaki Bulgarian Arithmetic (4 images) 1833
Peano, Guiseppe Geometric (Vector) Calculus (in German, 2 images) 1891 (Ital. original 1888)
Peano, Guiseppe Formulaire de Mathématiques (6 images) 1901
Peck, William and Charles Davies Mathematical Cyclopedia (2 images) 1872
Peirce, Benjamin Linear Associative Algebra (5 images) 1882
Peirce, Benjamin (editor) Cambridge Miscellany of Mathematics April 1842
Peirce, Benjamin Osgood Mathematical and Physical Papers (4 images) 1926
Peletier, Jacques l'Algebre (3 images) 1554
Pell, John Controversy with Longomontanus concerning the Quadrature of the Circle (3 images) 1647
Penther, Johann Fredrick Praxis geometriae (2 images) 1752 (1732 original)
Perez de Moya, Juan Arismetica pratica (2 images) 1609 (1562 original)
Perez de Moya, Juan Tratado de mathematicas (2 images) 1573
Petri, Nicholaus Reckoning and Cypher Book (15 images) 1635 (1st. ed. 1583)
Peuerbach (or Peurbach), Georg von Epitome of Ptolemy's Almagest (4 images; see also these 5 images) 1496
Peuerbach (or Peurbach), Georg von Opus algorithmi (2 images) 1503
Peuerbach (or Peurbach), Georg von Arithmetices elementa (1 image) 1544
Peurbach, Georg Novae Theoricae Planetarum (4 images) c. 16th century
Peverone, Giovanni Francesco  Arithmetic and Geometry (22 images) 1558, 1581
Piero della Francesca Works of Archimedes (11 images) late 1450s
Pike, Nicolas Arithmetic (4 images) 1788
Pitiscus, Bartholomew Trigonometria (2 images) 1600
Playfair, John Elements of Geometry (4 images) 1832 (original 1795)
Plücker, Julius System der analytischen Geometrie (2 images) 1835
Plücker, Julius Theorie der algebraischen Curven 1839
PoincaréHenri Notes on Lectures of Poincaré (3 images) 1881-1883
Poincaré, Henri Science and Hypothesis (5 images) 1902/1905
Poincaré, Henri Calcul des Probabilités (2 images) 1912 (original 1907)
Poisson, Siméon-Denis Nouvelle théorie de l'action capillaire (2 images) 1831
Poisson, Siméon-Denis Traité de mécanique (3 images) 1833 (original 1811)
Poisson, Siméon-Denis Théorie mathématique de la chaleur (2 images) 1835
Poncelet, Jean Victor Propriétés Projectives des Figures (Projective Geometry, 3 images) 1822/1865
Potts, Robert Euclid's Elements of Geometry (5 images) 1871 (original 1845)
Prestet, Jean Elemens de mathematiques (2 images) 1675
Prestet, Jean Nouveaux elemens de mathematiques (5 images) 1694
Ptolemy, Claudius Epitome of Ptolemy's Almagest (4 images; see also these 5 images) 1496
Ptolemy, Claudius Almagest (3 images) 1515 (original from 2nd century)
Ptolemey, Claudius Ptolemaei mathematicae (Almagest in Greek/Latin, 3 images) 1549
Ptolemy, Claudius In Ptolemaei magnam compositionem (Almagest, 6 images) 1550
Puckle, George Hale An Elementary Treatise on Conic Sections and Algebraic Geometry (8 images) 1854
Puiseux, Victor Mathematical Papers (3 images) 1842
Qāḍī Zāda Mūsá ibn Muḥammad (also known as al-Rūmī) Sharḥ ashkāl al-taʾsīs (Commentary on the Fundamental Theorems) 16th century copy of ca 1412-13 original
Qāḍī Zāda Mūsá ibn Muḥammad (also known as al-Rūmī) Sharḥ ashkāl al-taʾsīs (Commentary on the Fundamental Theorems, 3 images) ca 1413-1611 copy of ca 1412-13 original
Qāḍī Zāda Mūsá ibn Muḥammad (also known as al-Rūmī) Sharḥ ashkāl al-taʾsīs (Commentary on the Forms of Foundation, 3 images) 1714-15 copy of ca 1412-13 original
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Ramchundra  A Treatise on Problems of Maxima and Minima Solved by Algebra (4 images) 1850
Ramsden, Jesse Sector from Ramsden's Workshop 1765-1800
Ramus, Peter Scholarum mathematicarum (Branches of Mathematics) (8 images) 1559
Ramus, Peter Arithmetices (3 images) 1586
Ramus, Peter The Way to Geometry (2 images) 1636
Raphson, Joseph Raphson's Root Approximation (Analysis equationum universalis) (2 images) 1702 (original 1690)
Ratdolt, Erhardus Euclid's Elements (10 images) 1482
Rathborne, Aaron Surveyor in Foure Bookes (3 images) 1616
Recorde, Robert Pathway to Knowledge 1551
Recorde, Robert Castle of Knowledge (2 images) 1556
Recorde, Robert Grounde of Artes (4 images) 1543
Recorde, Robert Whetstone of Witte (6 images) 1557
Regiomontanus (Johannes Müller) On Triangles (2 images) 1533
Regiomontanus (Johannes Müller) Kalendarium (2 images) 1489 (original 1474)
Regiomontanus (Johannes Müller) Epitome of Ptolemy's Almagest (4 images; see also these 5 images) 1496
Regiomontanus (Johannes Müller) Opus algorithmi (2 images) 1503
Regiomontanus (Johannes Müller) In Ptolemaei magnam compositionem (Ptolemy’s Almagest, 6 images) 1550
Reimers, Nicolaus Algebra (Arithmetica Analytica) (5 images) 1601
Reinhold, Erasmus Ptolemaei mathematicae (Almagest in Greek/Latin, 3 images) 1549
Reisch, Gregor Margarita philosophica  (6 images) 1503
Rhodius, Ambrosius (lecturer) Enchiridion mathematicum continens elementa mathesos (student notes)  (9 images) 1629
Ricci, Matteo, and Xu Guanqi Ce liang fa yi (Theory of Surveying) ca. 1610
Ricci, Michelangelo Exercitatio Geometrice de Maximis & Minimis (4 images) 1668
Riemann, Bernhard Partielle Differentialgleichungen (2 images) 1869
Riemann, Bernhard Gesammelte Mathematische Werke (4 images) 1876
Riemann, Bernhard Oeuvres mathématiques (3 images) 1898
Riese, Adam Rechenbuch (2 images) 1550
Ritty, James and John Ritty cash register by 1904
de Roberval, Gilles Personne Divers Ouvrages (5 images) 1693
Robins, Benjamin The True Principles of Gunnery (1 image) 1777 (original 1742)
Rocha, Antich Arithmetica (2 images) 1565
Rogers, Bruce Elements of Geometry Book I (2 images) 1944
Rose, John United States Arithmetician (5th ed., 4 images) 1832
Rossetti, Donato Figure de Sistemi del Mondo d’Aristotile Copernico e Ticone (8 images) 1680
Rubik's Cube Museum Promotional Pen 1988–1991
Ruffini, Paolo Theory of Equations (3 images) 1799
Ruffini, Paolo Riflessioni intorno alla soluzione delle equazioni algebraiche (2 images) 1813
Russell, Bertrand and A. N. Whitehead Principia Mathematica (6 images) 1910-1913/1925
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Sabeus, Bernard Italian astrolabe 1558
Sacrobosco, Johannes de De sphaera mundi (manuscript, 4 images) c. 1256-1270
Sacrobosco, Johannes de De sphaera mundi (Astronomy, 3 images) 1482 (13th cent. original)
Sacrobosco, Johannes de Algorismus (Arithmetic, 2 images) 1490 (13th cent. original)
Safe-T Blackboard triangles 2000
Salmon, George Treatise on Conic Sections (3 images) 1869 (original 1848)
Salmon, George Lessons Introductory to the Modern Higher Algebra (8 images) 1876 (original 1859)
Salmon, George Treatise on Higher Plane Curves (10 images) 1879 (original 1852)
Salmon, George Treatise on the Analytic Geometry of Three Dimensions (5th ed., revised by Reginald Rogers, 3 images) 1912 (1st ed. 1862)
Santcliment, Francesc Suma de la art de arismetica (8 images) 1482
Sarfati, Joseph ben Moses Sephardic arithmetic (3 images) 15th century
Sault, Richard New Treatise of Algebra (5 images) 1694
Saunderson, Nicholaus Elements of Algebra (6 images) 1740
de Savonne, Pierre L'Arithmetique (3 images; see also these 8 images from a 1630 edition) 1571
Saxton, John The Merchant's Companion (2 images) 1737
Scheiner, Christoph Pantographice, seu ars delineandi (2 images) 1631
Schessler, Christian Demonstrationes mathematicae (9 images) 1698
Scheubel, Johann De numeris (2 images) 1545
Scheubel, Johann Algebrae Compendiosa (22 images) 1551
Schilling, Martin Hypotrochoid kinematic model ca 1900
Schlegel, Victor Grassman’s Extension Theory (Ausdehnungslehre) 1872
Schöner, Johannes Algorithmus demonstratus (3 images) 1534
Schott, Gaspar Magia universalis naturae et artis, Vol. 1 (2 images) 1657
Schreiber, Heinrich (Henricus Grammateus) Ayn new Kunstlich Buech (A New Skill Book, 3 images) 1518
Schultes, Hans Jetons for counting boards (3 images) ca 1490 - 1635
Schwarz, Hermann C. Versuch einer Philosophie der Mathematik (3 images) 1853
Schwenter, Daniel Delicia Physico-Mathematicae (in German, 9 images) 1636, 1651
Schwenter, Daniel Geometriae practicae (6 images) 1641
Seki Takakazu (or Kowa) Kigenkai (3 images) 17th 18th century
Seki Takakazu (or Kowa) Kaifuku dai no ho 17th - 18th century
Seki Kowa (or Takakazu) Essentials of Mathematics (2 images) 1712
Sellers, John A Pocket Book ... of Mathematical Tables (4 images) 1677
Sem, Johannes Practijck des Landmetens (2 images) 1620
Sénebier, Pierre Traite d’Arithmetique (2 images) 1774
Serjant, Mary Copybook (2 images) 1688
Sfortunati, Giovanni Nuovo lume / Libro di arithmetica 1534
Shakers of West Gloucester (later Sabbathday), Maine Metric volume measures 1877–1900
Shimizu Sadanori Kiku yoho kuden shiroku (3 images) 18th century
Silicaeus, Joannes Blasius Martinus (Martinez) Liber arithmetice practice (3 images) 1513
Simpson, Thomas Doctrine of Annuities and Reversions (3 images) 1775 (original 1742)
Simpson, Thomas Doctrine and Application of Fluxions (3 images) 1805 (original 1750)
Simpson, Thomas A Treatise of Algebra (5 images) 1826 (original 1745)
Simson, Robert Robert Simson's Conic Sections (4 images) 1804 (original 1749)
Simson, Robert Elements of Euclid (7 images) 1834 (original 1756)
Smith, David Eugene Rara Arithmetica (2 images) 1908
Snyder, Virgil and John Irwin Hutchinson Differential and Integral Calculus (7 images) 1902
Somerville, Mary Celestial Mechanics (in English, 2 images) 1831
Speidell, John Speidell's Geometry Manuscript (3 images) 1648
Steiner, Jakob Synthetische Geometrie (2 images) 1876 (original 1867)
Stevin, Simon Oeuvres Mathematiques (5 images) 1634
Stifel, Michael Arithmetica Integra (5 images) 1544
Stifel, Michael Deutsche Arithmetica 1545
Stoeffler, Johann Elucidatio fabricae vsusque astrolabii (3 images) 1524 (original 1513)
Stone, Edmund Construction and Use of the Sector (2 images) 1729
Story, William American Journal of Mathematics (6 images) 1878
Sturm, Charles Cours d’Analyse de l’École Polytechnique, Vol. I (7 images) 1877 (original 1857)
Sturm, Johann Christoph Mathesis Enucleata (Elements of Mathematics, 3 images) 1695
Sturmy, Samuel Mariner's Magazine (2 images) 1669
Swineshead, Richard Opus aureum calculationum 1477 (original ca. 1350)
Sylvester, James Joseph Letter to Leopold Kronecker (2 images) 1884
Sylvester, James Joseph American Journal of Mathematics (6 images) 1878
Sylvester, James Joseph Collected Mathematical Papers, Vol. I (7 images) 1904
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Tacquet, Andre Cylindrica et annularia (4 images) 1651
Tacquet, Andrea (Andrew) Tacquet's Euclid and Archimedes (5 images; see also these 2 images and these 4 images) 1654/1747/1753
Tacquet, Andrea Practical and Theoretical Arithmetic (2 images) 1704 (original 1656)
Tagliente, Girolamo Commercial Arithmetic (5 images) 1525
Tagliente, Giovanni and Girolamo Libro d'abaco (7 images) 1535 (original 1515)
Tait, Peter Guthrie Elementary Treatise on Quaternions (4 images) 1867
Takebe Katahiro Shinpen sangaku keimo (3 images) 1690
Tanner, Robert A Mirror for Mathematiques (3 images) 1587
Tannery, Paul, and Charles Henry Oeuvres de Fermat, Vol. I (3 images) 1891
Tartaglia, Nicolo Nova Scientia (4 images) 1537
TartagliaNicolo Euclid (5 images) 1543
Tartaglia, Nicolo Treatise on Number & Measure (2 images) 1556
Tartaglia, Nicolo L’Arithmetique (3 images) 1578 (original 1556)
Taylor, John Thesaurium mathematicae, or Treasury of Mathematics (3 images; see also these 8 images) 1687
de Texeda, Gaspar Commercial Arithmetic (3 images) 1546
Theodosius (of Bithynia, formerly known as Theodosius of Tripoli) Les Trois Livres des Elemens Spheriques de Theodose Tripolitain (French translation of Latin Sphaerics, 4 images) 1615
Thomas, Charles Thomas Arithmometer 1867
Tizzard, Samuel New Athenian Oracle, or Ladies' Companion (3 images) 1806
Todd, John American Tutor's Assistant (2nd ed., 3 images) 1794 (1st ed. 1791)
Todhunter, Isaac A History of the Progress of the Calculus of Variations During the Nineteenth Century (5 images) 1861
Todhunter, Isaac Calculus (5th ed., 7 images) 1871
Todhunter, Isaac The Elements of Euclid (12 images) 1872 (original 1862)
Todhunter, Isaac Elementary Treatise on Laplace’s Functions, Lame’s Functions and Bessel’s Functions (6 images) 1875
Todhunter, Isaac Algebra for Beginners (6 images) 1876 (original 1858)
Todhunter, Isaac Examples of Analytical Geometry of Three Dimensions (6 images) 1878 (original 1858)
Todhunter, Isaac An Elementary Treatise on the Theory of Equations (4 images) 1888
Todhunter, Isaac A Treatise on the Integral Calculus (5 images) 1889 (original 1878)
Torricelli, Evangelista Opera geometrica (4 images; see also these 4 images) 1644
Torricelli, Evangelista Letter from Torricelli to Mersenne 1645
Torricelli, Evangelista Academic Lectures (2 images; see also these 2 images and these 2 images) 1715 (delivered 1642–1647)
Trenchant, Jean L'Arithmetique (7 images) 1602 (original 1557)
Trevelyon, Thomas Trevelyon Miscellany (5 images) 1608
Troncet, Louis Troncet Arithmographe 1889/1895
Tunstall, Cuthbert De arte supputandi (3 images) 1529 (1522 original)
Ulysbonensis, Rolandus Compendium artis arismetice (3 images) c. 1424
van Etten, Henry (Hendrik) Mathematicall Recreations (3rd English ed., 2 images) 1674 (original English ed. 1633, French original 1624)
van Heuraet, Hendrick Rectification of Curves (3 images) 1659
van Schooten, Frans Tabulae sinuum 1632 (original 1627)
van Schooten, Frans De organica conicarum sectionum (3 images) 1646
van Schooten, Frans Exercitationes mathematicae (7 images; see also these 4 images) 1657
van Schooten, Frans Geometria a Renato des Cartes (3 images) 1659
Veblen, Oswald Analysis Situs (6 images) 1922
Vecelli, Francesco Problemi di geometria practica (7 images) 1767
Vega, Georg Tables of Logarithms, Trigonometric Values 1783
Vega, Georg Lectures on Mathematics (2nd of 4 vols., 4 images) 1784
Venturini, Antonio Libro di conti di me (8 images) 1686
Viète, François Supplementum Geometriae (4 images) 1593
Viète, François Opera Mathematica (8 images) 1646
de Ville Dei, Alexandre Carmen de Algorism (3 images) ca 1240
da Vinci, Leonardo Sketches for Luca Pacioli's De divina proportione (15 images) 1509
Viviani, Vincenzo De Locis Solidis and portrait of Galileo 1701
Vlacq, Adriaan Tabellen der Sinuum, Tangentium, und Secantium (2 images) 1663 (original 1636)
Voltaire Élémens de la philosophie de Neuton (7 images) 1738
Volterra, Vito Theory of Functionals (2 images) 1930
von Humboldt, Alexander Codex Mexicanus of the Maya 1814 (12th cent. original)
von Langsdorf, Karl Christian Explanations of Kästner’s Analysis of Finite Quantities (2 images) 1776-1777
Vossius, Gerardus Scientiis Mathematicis (3 images) 1650
Wallis, John Archimedes in Greek and Latin (2 images) 1676
Wallis, John Treatise of Algebra (4 images; see also these 4 images) 1685
Wallis, John Opera mathematica (6 images; see also these 6 images)) 1695 (1693-1699)
Walsh, Michael Mercantile Arithmetic: Adapted to the U.S. (7 images) 1804/1807
Wang, An Wang desktop programmable calculator ca 1965
Ward, John Compendium of Algebra (3 images) 1724
Ward, John Young Mathematician's Guide (2 images) 1734 (original 1703)
Waring, Edward Meditationes Analyticae (3 images) 1785 (original 1773)
Waring, William American Tutor's Assistant (2nd ed., 3 images) 1794 (1st ed. 1791)
Waymouth, George Jewell of Artes (3 images) 1604
Webber, Samuel Mathematics for Harvard Students (3 images) 1808 (original 1801)
Weber, Heinrich Elliptische Functionen und Algebraische Zahlen (6 images) 1891
Weber, Heinrich Lehrbuch der Algebra (8 images) 1895
Webster, William A compendious course of practical mathematicks 1730
Weierstrass, Karl Notes on Lectures of Weierstrass (3 images) 1879
Weierstrass, Karl Lecture notes on elliptic functions (4 images) 1879-1881
Weierstrass, Karl Notes on Elliptic Function lectures (8 images) 1887
Weigel, Erhard Philosophia Mathematica (2 images) 1693
Weyl, Hermann Die Idee der Riemannschen Fläche (3 images) 1913
Weyl, Hermann Das Kontinuum (2 images) 1918
Weyl, Hermann Raum. Zeit. Materie. (3 images) 1919
Wheeler, A. Harry Geometric model from paper 1915
Whitehead, Alfred North Introduction to Mathematics (3 images) 1911
Whitehead, Alfred North and Bertrand Russell Principia Mathematica (6 images) 1910-1913/1925
Whitworth, William Choice and Chance (4 images) 1870 (1st ed. 1867)
Wilson, Edwin B. Gibbs' Vector Analysis (5 images) 1901
Wilson, James Solid Geometry and Conic Sections (6 images) 1908 (original 1872)
Wingate, Edmund Arithmetique Made Easie 1652 (original 1630)
Wingate, Edmund Construction and Use of Logarithmicall Tables (3rd ed.) 1648
Winthrop, William U.S. College Mathematics (copybooks, 6 images) 1769-1774
Witt, Jan de Elements of Linear Curves (5 images) 1683
Woepcke, Franz History of Indian Cyphers (3 images) 1863
Wolff, Christian Foundations of All Mathematical Knowledge (6 images) 1710/1772
Wolff, Christian Trigonometrie 1711
Wolff, Christian Mathematical Lexicon (3 images) 1716
Wolff, Christian Treatise of Algebra (5 images) 1739/1765
Wood, Benjamin IBM statistical tabulator 1929
Wood, Matthew Copybook (2 images) 1699
Wylie, Alexander and Li Shanlan A New Mathematics Curriculum for China (10 images) 1853/1859
Wylie, Alexander and Li Shanlan Euclid's Elements for China (3 images) 1865
Xu Guanqi and Matteo Ricci Ce liang fa yi (Theory of Surveying) ca 1610
Yoshida Mitsuyoshi Shinpen jinkoki (3 images) 1689 (original 1627)
Yoshida Mitsuyoshi Shinpen jinkoki (6 images) 18th cent. or later (original 1627)
Zamberti, Bartolomeo Euclidis Megarensis mathematici clarissimi elementorum geometricorum libri XV … (10 images) 1558 (from Zamberti's 1505 original)
Zamerano, Rodrigo Los seis libros primeros dela geometria de Euclides (2 images) 1576
Zhu Shijie Xin bian suan xue qi meng (New Arithmetic Enlightenment, 2 images) 1839 (original 1299)
Zhu Shijie Xin bian suan xue qi meng (New Arithmetic Enlightenment, 3 images) 1660 (original 1299)
Zhu Shijie Shinpen sangaku keimo (Suan xue qi meng, 3 images) 1690 (original 1299)
Zhu Shijie Siyuan yujian (Precious [or Jade] Mirror of the Four Elements) 19th cent. (original 1303)
Zubler, Leonhard Nova Instrumentum Geometricum (5 images) 1607
Zeuthen, Hieronymous Georg History of Mathematics in Antiquity and Middle Ages (3 images) 1896 (original 1893)
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Most of the images in this collection of "mathematical treasures" were obtained for Convergence and the MAA by Convergence's "chief treasure hunter" and co-founding editor, Frank Swetz, of The Pennsylvania State University. We are grateful to him; to the National Science Foundation for partial funding of the project via grants to MAA; to the History of Mathematics Special Interest Group of the MAA (HOM SIGMAA) for partial funding of the project; and to the librarians, museum curators, and individuals who allowed us to publish images of their treasures here and now allow you to use them in your classroom. Contributing libraries, museums, and individuals include:

"Index to Mathematical Treasures," Convergence (July 2015)